Schizophrenia is when a person has gone through a long-term psychosis or multiple psychoses and doesn’t function properly in the intervening periods. A psychosis is a condition, in which a person’s contact with reality is severely disrupted. People with schizophrenia often make a confused impression. Schizophrenia is a serious and complex psychiatric disease.


Schizophrenia is usually caused by a combination of biological, psychological and social factors:


People with schizophrenia have various signs and symptoms:


The diagnosis of schizophrenia is made by means of psychiatric examination. This includes a conversation with the patient, the observation of his or her behavior and gathering information from relatives. Information about the history is also important. Additional tests, such as blood tests or brain scans, are sometimes needed in order to exclude other disorders.


Schizophrenia cannot be cured, but is usually well treatable. The sooner treatment starts, the better the expected results. With therapy and medication, it’s often possible to gain control over the disease and learn to use the capacities and capabilities that remain:


The prospects of schizophrenia vary in the long term. The prognosis depends on the person, the factors that worsen the disorder, whether people stick to their treatment and the extent to which relatives can provide support. Most people maintain psychological and social restrictions. Some people with schizophrenia continue to be psychotic or suffer so much from negative symptoms, that a long stay in a psychiatric hospital is required. Relatively many people with schizophrenia are also homeless. There’s an increased risk of suicide. It is estimated that five to ten percent of people with schizophrenia commit suïcide.