Psychotherapy is a counseling treatment method for psychosocial problems and psychiatric disorders. Conversations between the patient and the therapist are central. In psychotherapy people learn, among other things, what they can do by themselves to reduce the symptoms.
The goal of psychotherapy is to reduce mental symptoms or make them more manageable. The patient’s commitment here is as important as the expertise of the psychotherapist. The result depends on the nature of the problems and one’s own possibilities. Psychotherapy is often hard work for a patient. The process is often accompanied by ups and downs. A successful psychotherapy treatment does not guarantee that the patient will be happy for the rest of his or her life and cannot change any circumstances, such as low income or unemployment. But with the help of psychotherapy, it is possible that the patient learns to handle the problems better.
The following types of psychotherapy are known:
- Psychodynamic therapies (psychoanalysis).
- Patient-oriented therapies (gestalt therapy).
- Behavioral therapies (behaviour therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy).
- System therapies (solution-oriented therapy).
- Alternative therapies (hypnotherapy, EMDR, counseling).
Psychotherapy is inextricably linked to the treatment of anxiety, mood and personality disorders. It is the preferred treatment for children, adults and the elderly with both simple and multiple, complex mental problems and often personality problems.
Scientific research into the effect of psychotherapy shows that psychotherapy is often effective and, in the case of personality problems, even more effective than medication.