Diseases

Hearing Loss

Ear disease

Hearing loss is when a person doesn’t have normal hearing, but still can perceive some noise or vibration. The standard for hearing loss is a loss of more than twenty decibels. Although hearing loss usually does not affect life expectancy, it often forms a serious restriction on the quality of life.


Cause

Possible causes of hearing loss are:

In addition, hereditary factors also play a role in the development of hearing disorders.


Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of hearing loss are:


Diagnosis

Hearing loss is often determined by a hearing test in an audiological center. The examiner lets the patient hear sounds and tones via headphones and assesses what he or she can and cannot hear. The results are graphically shown in an audiogram. During this study, the bone conduction is also investigated. It is important to identifiy hearing problems in children as early as possible, as this can have far-reaching consequences for their development. Speech disorders in a child may also indicate hearing problems.


Treatment

Depending on the nature and severity of the hearing loss, several treatments are possible:


Prognosis

Recovery of hearing can be a matter of days or weeks. Some people suffer from permanent mild to severe hearing loss. When hearing loss is treated at an early stage, the prospects are good, but if the disease is already in an advanced stage, the prospects are less favorable. In old age, hearing loss is a natural phenomenon.


Considerations


Facts

Of all people older than 19 years, 4% has trouble following a one-to-one conversation and 17% has trouble following a group discussion.


Synonyms

Hearing Impairment, Hard of Hearing


See also

Ménière's Disease

Meningitis

Otitis Media

Stress

Tinnitus

Hearing Test

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