Vitamin B5 plays an important role in the processing of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. It contributes to the energy supply. In addition, vitamin B5 is important in the development of a number of hormones and ensures a proper functioning of the nervous system. Vitamin B5 is part of the vitamin B complex.
Vitamin B5 is found in many foods: meat (especially liver and other offal), fish, eggs, potatoes, milk and milk products, cereals, fruits and vegetables.
Because vitamin B5 is present in many foods, a shortage of vitamin B5 occurs only in case of severe malnutrition. As a result of a long and severe shortage, a burning or painful sensation in the feet can arise (the ‘burning feet’ syndrome). People suffering from depression may also have to deal with a shortage of this vitamin.
Adverse effects due to excessive intake of vitamin B5 are very rare. Very high doses may cause diarrhea.