Vitamin B2 plays a role in the maintenance of the nervous system, digestion and energy management. It is also important for a healthy skin and vision. Vitamin B2 contributes to the protection of body cells from oxidative damage caused by air pollution and UV radiation. Vitamin B2 is part of the vitamin B complex.
Important sources of vitamin B2 are dairy products, meat (products), vegetables, bread, fruits and cereals.
- Important for the energy supply of the body and helps in case of fatigue.
- Part of the co-enzymes that are needed by burning carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the cells.
- Keeps skin and hair healthy.
- Important for vision and mucosa (in lungs and intestines).
- Helps in protecting cells against external influences, such as air pollution, UV radiation and free radicals.
- Plays a role in the nervous system; it supports the development of nerve cells.
- Important in the development of red blood cells and iron content in the blood.
A lack of vitamin B2 can cause skin infections, such as fissures in the corner of the mouth. A shortage reduces the strength of the collagen in skin and hair. Vitamin B2 shortage can lead to a reduction in hemoglobin content and can cause fatigue.
There are little to no known adverse effects of excessive intake of vitamin B2. Who receives more vitamin B2 than he or she needs, pees out the surplus.
- Vitamin B2 provides energy and is therefore indispensable for athletes.
- This vitamin is very sensitive to light, so never leave food in the sun.
- Vitamin B2 cannot be stored by the body, but it’s nevertheless present in small quantities in the liver, heart and kidneys.
- Vitamin B2 was discovered in 1926 by D.T. Smith and E.G. Hendrick.
- In the food industry, vitamin B2 is also used as yellow colouring agent (E101).