Chromium is a mineral which is important for the smooth running of carbohydrate metabolism. It is necessary for the proper functioning of insulin and for maintaining the blood sugar content. In addition, chromium also plays a role in fat metabolism.
Cereal products with a high amount of bran contain lots of chromium. Furthermore, chromium is mostly found in shellfish, brewer’s yeast, whole wheat bread, vegetables, cane molasses, meat and liver.
In case of severe malnutrition, a shortage of chromium may occur. This can lead to increased glucose concentration and cholesterol levels in the blood and weight loss.
- Chromium was discovered in 1797 by the French chemist Nicholas-Louis Vauquelin.
- The term ‘chromium’ is derived from the Greek word chrōma (color).
- In the periodic table of elements, chromium has the symbol Cr and atomic number 24. The color is silvery.
- Chromium is a trace element. This means that only very small quantities are needed (micrograms to milligrams).