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Chromium is a mineral which is important for the smooth running of carbohydrate metabolism. It is necessary for the proper functioning of insulin and for maintaining the blood sugar content. In addition, chromium also plays a role in fat metabolism.
Cereal products with a high amount of bran contain lots of chromium. Furthermore, chromium is mostly found in shellfish, brewer’s yeast, whole wheat bread, vegetables, cane molasses, meat and liver.
- Helps to keep blood sugar normal.
- Important for energy metabolism and the development and decomposition of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
- May help in dieting. Chromium reduces the sense of hunger, because it keeps the blood sugar normal. This decreases the appetite for (sweet) food.
In case of severe malnutrition, a shortage of chromium may occur. This can lead to increased glucose concentration and cholesterol levels in the blood and weight loss.
There are no known adverse effects of an excessive intake of chromium.
- The uptake of chromium from our diet is stimulated by vitamin C.
- There is evidence that people with type 2 diabetes mellitus could benefit from taking chromium supplements. However, this requires further research.
- Chromium was discovered in 1797 by the French chemist Nicholas-Louis Vauquelin.
- The term ‘chromium’ is derived from the Greek word chrōma (color).
- In the periodic table of elements, chromium has the symbol Cr and atomic number 24. The color is silvery.
- Chromium is a trace element. This means that only very small quantities are needed (micrograms to milligrams).